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Open Access Socioeconomic Status and Later-life Mental Health in South Korea

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This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND licence.

Objectives: In this study, we examined the potential influence of childhood and adult socioeconomic status (SES) on probable depression, suicide ideation, and self-esteem among men (N = 2938) and women (N = 4319) aged 50 years and older in South Korea. Methods: Our data came from the 2018 Korea Welfare Panel Study. Probable depression was defined as a score ≥16 on the modified Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. We assessed suicide ideation with a single item. We assessed self-esteem with the Korean version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Results: The results of multiple regression analyses showed that childhood economic status was rarely associated with mental health. However, current income consistently was associated with all outcomes in both sexes. Unemployment also had important health implications, especially for suicide ideation in men. Notably, the potential influence of income and employment status appeared to outweigh that of education, but not for self-esteem. Conclusions: Childhood economic status, but not adult SES, may have little implication for late-life mental health in present-day South Korea, which has gone through dramatic social and economic changes over the last half century. We discuss the socioeconomic implications of these findings.

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Keywords: ADULT SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS; CHILDHOOD SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS; DEPRESSION; ECONOMIC GROWTH; MENTAL HEALTH; SUICIDE IDEATION

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Associate Professor, Department of Business Administration, College of Business & Economics, Gachon University, Seongnam, South Korea 2: Assistant Professor, Department of Healthcare Management, College of Social Science, Gachon University, Seongnam, South Korea

Publication date: March 1, 2020

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

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