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Health Belief Model of Persistent Dengue Transmission in Klaten, Indonesia

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Objectives: In this study, we aimed to assess health beliefs, barriers, and motivations of individuals that will be useful in formulating the appropriate social and behavior change communication (SBCC) campaigns regarding dengue vector control. Methods: We conducted this qualitative study among adult residents of Gergunung and Kajen villages in Klaten, Indonesia. We conducted in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs) using interview an interview guide. We had audio-recorded interviews transcribed and coded. The analysis focused on general perspectives and practices of behaviors in the attempt of vector control. Results: We recruited 188 participants from 2 villages for the study. Our study revealed knowledge deficits among the villagers. Barriers include incorrect perceptions on disease severity, perceived mosquito breeding places, improper practice on mosquito source reduction, and perceived toxicity of the insecticides. Households tend to weigh the benefits of performing vector control versus perceived benefits. Conclusions: By using the Health Belief Model, a future SBCC campaign should address changing beliefs that DHF is a serious disease, increasing knowledge about mos- quito source reduction and insecticide use, and promoting benefits of performing dengue vector control.
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Keywords: DENGUE; DISEASE CONTROL; HEALTH BEHAVIOR; HEALTH BELIEF MODEL

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia., Email: [email protected] 2: Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Uni- versitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia 3: Center for Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Publication date: March 1, 2020

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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