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Exercise on Visuo-Spatial Memory: Direct Effects and Underlying Mechanisms

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Objective: There is suggestive evidence that exercise may have a greater effect on visuo-spatial memory, compared to other memory types. However, we have a limited understanding as to the mechanisms through which exercise may subserve visuo-spatial memory. Thus, the purpose of this review is to evaluate the extent to which exercise may influence visuo-spatial memory, whether exercise can attenuate drug- and diseased-induced declines in memory, and determine the underlying mechanisms of these relationships. Methods: We employed a systematic review approach. We identified studies using electronic databases, including PubMed, PsychInfo, Sports Discus and Google Scholar. Results: In total, we identified 32 articles. Among these, 2 were among humans and 30 were conducted in animal models. There was strong evidence sup- porting the facilitative role of chronic exercise in visuo-spatial memory improvements, as well as attenuation of drug- and diseased-induced memory decline. There are various mechanisms through which chronic exercise may influence visuo-spatial memory, including increased neuro-genesis, angiogenesis, improved neural efficiency, CB1 receptor signaling, activation of H2 receptors, and increased number of synaptic structures (eg, AMPA and NMDA receptors). Conclusion: Exercise may help to enhance visuo-spatial memory.
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Keywords: COGNITION; DEMENTIA; EPISODIC MEMORY; LONG-TERM POTENTIATION; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; VISUO-SPATIAL MEMORY

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Shenzhen University, College of Psychology and Sociology, Exercise and Mental Health Laboratory, Shenzhen, China 2: The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, China 3: University of Mississippi, Exercise & Memory Laboratory, Depart- ment of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, University, MS. [email protected] edu

Publication date: March 1, 2020

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

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