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Factors of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Elderly Koreans

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Objectives: In this study, we examined factors of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB) in elderly Koreans. Methods: We used 2015 data from the Sixth National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. To analyze physical activity (PA), we categorized participants were into those who met MVPA recommendations (150 minutes/week of moderate PA or 75 minutes/week of vigorous PA) or those who did not. We also categorized them into high SB (620-1200 minutes/day of sitting) and low SB (30-600 minutes/day). Results: Final analyses included 1501 adults over 60 years old (mean: 69.2 ± 6.2). We performed multiple logistic regressions examining impacts of grip strength and body mass index, along with self-reports of perceived health, sleep duration, and demographics on PA and SB. We found positive associations between meeting MVPA guidelines and self-perceived health and urban living, but negative associations with sleep duration and education. A strong grip, high self-perceived health, long sleep duration (8-14 hours), and living with a partner were factors of being less sedentary. High annual income was a factor of being more sedentary. Conclusion: Our findings support efforts that develop interventions promoting active lifestyles among elderly Koreans.
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Keywords: OLDER ADULTS; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; PHYSICAL FUNCTION; SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR; SOUTH KOREA

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Saengryeol Park, Research Professor, Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, South Korea 2: Diana Castaneda-Gameros, Senior Research and Evaluation Officer, Research and Evaluation Division, Knowledge Directorate, Public Health Wales, UK 3: So-Youn Park, Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Education and Humanities, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, South Korea;, Email: [email protected] 4: In-Hwan Oh, Associate Professor, Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, South Korea;, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: November 1, 2019

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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