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Acute Exercise, Psychological Stress Induction, and Episodic Memory

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Objective: In this study, we evaluated whether exercise prior to memory encoding or during memory consolidation can influence episodic memory function after being exposed to a stressful environment. Methods: We conducted 3 between-group randomized controlled experiments among young adults. We assessed episodic memory (via logic memory task) at the beginning of the experiment and approximately 45 minutes later. Across the 3 experiments, we varied the temporal period (eg, before memory encoding or during consolidation) of the acute bout of exercise (15-minute moderate-intensity exercise) and psychological stress induction. Results: Across all 3 experiments there was a statistically significant main effect for time for memory function, but there were no time x group interaction effects. Conclusion: Memory declined across the 2 assessment periods, but for all 3 experiments, exercise was not associated with memory function after being exposed to a stressful stimulus.
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Keywords: ACQUISITION; CONSOLIDATION; EPISODIC; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; RETRIEVAL

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Paul D. Loprinzi, University of Mississippi, Exercise & Memory Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, University of Mississippi, Shenzhen, China;, Email: [email protected] 2: Lauren Koehler, University of Mississippi, Exercise & Memory Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, University of Mississippi, Shenzhen, China 3: Emily Frith, University of Mississippi, Exercise & Memory Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, University of Mississippi, Shenzhen, China 4: Pamela Ponce, University of Mississippi, Exercise & Memory Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, University of Mississippi, Shenzhen, China 5: Dylan Delancey, University of Mississippi, Exercise & Memory Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, University of Mississippi, Shenzhen, China 6: Chelsea Joyner, University of Mississippi, Exercise & Memory Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, University of Mississippi, Shenzhen, China 7: MS. Nicole Ashpole, University of Mississippi, Department of BioMolecular Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Mississippi, Shenzhen, China 8: Liye Zou, Shenzhen University, College of Psychology and Sociology, Shenzhen, China 9: Hong Li, Shenzhen University, College of Psychology and Sociology, Research Centre of Brain Function and Psychological Science, Shenzhen Institute of Neuroscience, Shenzhen, China;, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: November 1, 2019

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

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