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Coping Strategies, Social Support, Leisure Activities, and Physical Disabilities

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Objectives: Research suggests that individuals with physical disabilities use leisure as a way of dealing with stress and receiving social support. A dearth of information exists about the relationships among leisure, coping, and social support. The purpose of this study was to investigate the types of leisure activities associated with coping strategies and social support among Korean individuals with physical disabilities. Methods: We collected data from individuals who registered with the Korea Association of Persons with Physical Disabilities. After obtaining signed consent, 351 participants completed all 3 instruments: Coping Strategy Indicator (CSI), Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Social Support Survey, and Leisure Participation Involvement (LPI). Frequency, descriptive statistics, Pearson correlations, and hierarchical multiple regression analysis were utilized. Results: Certain leisure activities served as predictors of different types of coping strategies and social support. In particular, participation in social activities was identified as the strongest predictor of coping strategies and social support, and physical activity participation was a strong predictor of the avoidance coping strategy. Conclusions: Social and outdoor activities participation provide important avenues for participants to develop the ability to deal with stress and create social support systems.
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Keywords: COPING STRATEGY; LEISURE ACTIVITY; PHYSICAL DISABILITY; SOCIAL SUPPORT

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Research Scholar, Department of Health and Human Performance, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX 2: Assistant Professor, School of Public Health, Indiana University at Bloomington, IN 3: Department of Health and Human Performance, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX

Publication date: September 1, 2019

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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