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Neighborhood Walkability and Aerobic Physical Activity among Latinos

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Objective: In this study, we examined neighborhood social cohesion (NSC) as a moderator in the association between neighborhood walkability and meeting the aerobic physical activity guideline among US Latino adults. Methods: We used 2015 National Health Interview Survey cross-sectional data from 4525 adult US Latino participants ≥18 years of age. NSC and walkability measures were self-reported. Higher walkability scores indicating higher walkability. Aerobic activity was assessed based on self-reported frequency and duration of activity. Minutes per week of moderate and vigorous aerobic activity were then categorized based on the 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. Survey logistic regression was used to compute odds ratios [OR] and 95% confidence intervals [CI]. Effect modification by neighborhood social cohesion was tested by inclusion of a walkability*NSC interaction term. Results: A one-unit higher walkability score was associated with higher odds of meeting the aerobic activity guideline (OR = 1.06; 95% CI: 1.02, 1.11). After adding NSC to the model, the association remained statistically significant (OR = 1.05; 95% CI: 1.01, 1.10). The walkability*NSC interaction term was not statistically significant. Conclusions: NSC did not moderate the association between neighborhood walkability and meeting the aerobic activity guideline among US Latino adults.
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Keywords: EPIDEMIOLOGY; LATINOS; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; SOCIAL COHESION; WALKABILITY

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Assistant Professor, University of Houston, Department of Psychological, Health, and Learning Sciences, Houston, TX;, Email: [email protected] 2: Research Assistant, University of Houston, Department of Health and Human Performance, Houston, TX 3: Associate Professor, University of Houston, Department of Health and Human Performance, Houston, TX 4: Professor, University of Houston, Department of Psychological, Health, and Learning Sciences, Houston, TX

Publication date: July 1, 2019

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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