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Perceived Physical Activity Barriers of Mexican-Heritage Sibling Dyads

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Objectives: Physical activity (PA) has been linked to many health benefits. Personal, social, and environmental factors can be barriers to PA and reduce odds of meeting PA recommendations. Sibling relationships have been shown to influence PA. This study evaluates PA barriers among siblings over 2 time periods. Methods: Eighty-seven sibling dyads from Mexican-heritage families residing in colonias along the Texas/Mexico border were recruited by promotora-researchers to complete a 21-item PA barrier survey during summer and the school year. Frequencies of responses for each barrier were calculated for older and younger siblings at both time periods. Concordance among sibling PA barriers was assessed using percent agreement and Cohen's kappa statistic (κ). We used exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to examine differences in factor loadings based on season. We calculated mean subscale scores and compared scores using non-parametric Wilcoxon signed-rank tests. Results: Weather, homework, and self-consciousness were most frequently reported barriers. Older siblings reported more barriers than younger siblings during the school year. EFA results suggest different scales for summertime and school year. Conclusions: Sibling relationships may affect perceptions of barriers to PA. Perception of barriers may need to be measured differently depending on season.
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Keywords: HISPANIC HEALTH; MINORITY HEALTH; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; SCHOOL-AGED YOUTH; SEASONAL PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Baylor University, Department of Health, Human Performance, and Recreation, Waco, TX 2: Assistant Professor, Baylor University, Department of Public Health, Waco, TX 3: Professor, Texas A&M, School of Public Health Department of Health Promotion and Community Health Sciences, College Station, TX 4: Associate Professor, Baylor University, Department of Public Health, Waco, TX;, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: July 1, 2019

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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