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Open Access Fresh and Fresh Lean Beef Intake in Relation to Functional Limitations among US Older Adults, 2005-2016

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This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND licence.

Objectives: In this study, we assessed fresh and fresh lean beef intake in relation to functional limitations among US adults 65 years and older. Methods: We conducted logistic regressions on individual-level 24-hour dietary recall and health indicator data (N = 6135) retrieved from 2005-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Results: Approximately 51%, 14%, and 9% of older adults consumed beef, fresh beef, and fresh lean beef, respectively. Daily increase in fresh beef consumption by one-ounce-equivalent was associated with a reduction in the odds of lower extremity mobility limitation (LEM) by 16% (95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 4%-27%), general physical activities limitation by 13% (95% CI: 1%-24%), and any functional limitation by 14% 95% CI: (2%-24%). Daily increase in fresh lean beef consumption by one-ounce-equivalent was associated with a reduction in the odds of LEM by 22% (95% CI: 7%-34%) and any functional limitation by 15% (95% CI: 1%-28%). We identified no association with activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, or leisure and social activities limitations. Conclusions: Preliminary evidence links fresh and fresh lean beef consumption to reduced functional limitation risk. Future studies with longitudinal/experimental design are warranted to examine the relationship between fresh/lean beef consumption and functional limitations among older adults.
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Keywords: BEEF CONSUMPTION; DISABILITY; FUNCTIONAL LIMITATION; NHANES; OLDER ADULTS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL; Brown School, Washington University, St. Louis, MO;, Email: [email protected] 2: Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois Extension, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL 3: Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL 4: College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL

Publication date: July 1, 2019

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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