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Open Access Increasing Participation in Daily Activities among US Adults with Arthritis

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This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND licence.

Objectives: This home-use study assessed participants' perceptions regarding a variety of life-style measures after taking acetaminophen extended-relief caplets or placebo as instructed for 10 consecutive days to reduce mild-to-moderate pain of osteoarthritis. Methods: Participants maintained usual daily activities. Screening questionnaire responses assessed participants' daily pain level and pain management strategies. End-of-study questionnaire responses evaluated participants' behaviors, attitudes, and outlook related to impact of daily pain experience on lifestyle and daily activities. Results: The acetaminophen group had significantly higher rat- ings for ability to be active throughout the day, accomplishing daily activities, waking up moving like their old selves again, feeling in charge of their pain, and doing things they like to do longer. Likewise, they found it significantly easier to live with their condition and think about things other than their pain. Conclusions: Consistent with international guidelines, healthcare professionals can design an initial multimodal treatment plan to help patients achieve short- term goals (ie, reduced pain, more active lifestyle) and then modify that regimen (eg, alter dose of analgesic, duration of physical activity) in accordance with patients' responses to treatment, thus supporting long-term goals (eg, maintenance of independence and lifestyle) many patients hope to achieve.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2019

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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