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The Effect of Family Diabetes Self-management Education on Self-care Behaviors of Marshallese Adults with Type 2 Diabetes

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Objectives: In this study, we assessed the effect of Family Diabetes Self-Management Educa- tion (DSME) intervention on changes in self-care behaviors among Marshallese adults with type 2 diabetes. Methods: Marshallese adults (N = 211) with type 2 diabetes were randomized to a Family DSME intervention or a Standard DSME intervention. We assessed changes in diabetes- related self-care behaviors from baseline to 12 months within and between study arms using descriptive statistics and mixed effects logistic regression models adjusted for demographic characteristics and use of diabetes medication. Results: Family DSME participants had increased engagement in glucose monitoring and doctor visits, whereas Standard DSME participants had increased engagement in glucose monitoring. Family DSME participants increased engagement in glucose monitoring more than Standard DSME participants. Conclusions: DSME can improve some diabetes related self-care behaviors. Future studies on diabetes management should consider developing and testing interventions that seek to improve long-term rates of engagement in self-care behaviors.
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Keywords: DIABETES SELF-MANAGEMENT EDUCATION; MARSHALLESE; MINORITY HEALTH; PACIFIC ISLANDER; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL; TYPE 2 DIABETES

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2019

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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