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The Attitudinal and Motivational Effects of Anti-waterpipe Messages

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Objectives: Waterpipe smoking can lead to negative health outcomes. In this study, we examined responses to anti-waterpipe smoking public service announcements (PSAs). Methods: In a pilot study, current waterpipe smokers (N = 20) and susceptible waterpipe never smokers (N = 25) were randomized to view either 3 anti-waterpipe PSAs, created by the Truth campaign, or 3 control videos. Participants answered questions pertaining to message acceptance at 3 time-points and perceived risk and motivation to quit or avoid waterpipe at 4 time-points. Results: Participants were recruited from the community (N = 45; Mage = 22.4 years). Whereas waterpipe smokers and never smokers who viewed the PSAs significantly increased in acceptance of (p < .05) and positive attitudes towards (p < .05) the messages with increased viewing of the mes- sages, waterpipe never smokers did so at a significantly higher rate (p < .05). Waterpipe never smokers who viewed the PSAs had increased perceived severity and susceptibility of health harms of waterpipe compared to the control (ps < .05). We also found gender differences. Conclusions: The 3 tested PSAs from the Truth campaign show evidence of effectiveness against waterpipe use.
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Keywords: HOOKAH; PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENTS (PSAS); TRUTH CAMPAIGN; WATERPIPE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2019

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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