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Parent Support, Perceptions, and Child Attributes Affect Child Activity

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Objectives: In this study we examined the moderation effects of child attributes on the relationship between parent perception of child coordination, physical activity (PA) parenting practices, child enjoyment of PA, and child PA participation and examined the mediation effects of PA par enting practices and child PA enjoyment on the association between parent perception of child coordination and PA participation. Methods: Parents (N = 120) provided consent and completed data about their children's PA and related correlates. We used linear regression to examine child sex, age, race, and weight status as moderators, and to examine parent support and child enjoyment as mediators of the relationship between child coordination and PA participation. Results: Child race (b = 0.70, 95% CI: 0.20, 1.20) and weight status (b = 0.52, 95% CI: 0.05, 0.99) moderated the relationship between child coordination and parent support of child PA. Parent support of child PA and child enjoyment fully mediated the relationship between child coordination and PA participation (95% CI: 0.08, 0.36), mediating 56% of the observed effect. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that future interventions need to examine parent and child attributes (eg, perception of child coordination and race/weight status) as effect modifiers of the relationship between PA parenting practices and child PA participation.
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Keywords: BEHAVIORAL RESEARCH; CHILD; PARENTING; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; REGRESSION ANALYSIS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: PhD Candidate, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO;, Email: [email protected] 2: Colorado School of Public Health, Fort Collins, CO 3: Director of Youth Sports Camp and Noon Hour Faculty and Staff Fitness Program, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 4: Assistant Professor, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

Publication date: 01 March 2019

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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