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Resistance Training and Insulin Sensitivity in Youth: A Meta-analysis

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Objectives: Past research has explored pooled effects of aerobic exercise modalities on cardiometabolic health markers in children and adolescents. However, much less is known regarding the pooled effect of resistance training interventions on metabolic health. The purpose of this study was to examine the pooled effect of resistance training interventions on insulin sensitivity in children and adolescents. Methods: We performed a comprehensive Internet search. We extracted studies based on having a measure of insulin sensitivity as an outcome, employing a controlled experimental or quasi-experimental research design, and reporting of the effect estimate's variability. We employed random effects meta-analyses using the Hartung-Knapp-Sidak-Jonkman method. Results: We found no statistically significant pooled effects (Hedges'g = 0.33; 95%CI: -0.34, 1.00, p = .288). There was evidence for publication bias using Egger regression (b0 = 4.62; 95%CI: 0.12, 9.01, p = .046). Conclusions: The results indicate that resistance-training interventions do not have a statistically significant positive effect on insulin sensitivity in youth. Resistance training is a complement to aerobic exercise, but the current literature suggests that there is little evidence to support that this exercise modality alone can improve insulin sensitivity in youth.
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Keywords: ADOLESCENT HEALTH; CHILD HEALTH; CHRONIC DISEASES; EXERCISE/FITNESS; META-ANALYSIS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Assistant Professor, Department of Health, Kinesiology, and Recreation, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT;, Email: [email protected] 2: Assistant Professor, School of Community Health Sciences, University of Nevada Reno, Reno, NV. 3: Associate Professor, Department of Physical Education, East Stroudsburg University, East Stroudsburg, PA.

Publication date: 01 March 2019

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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