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Changes in Leisure Time Physical Activity Preferences and Hypertension Risk

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Objectives: In this study, we examined the association between changes in leisure time physical activity (LTPA) preference (the extent to which participants liked or disliked certain types of physical activity) and the incidence of hypertension; we also assessed whether the association differed between urban and rural China. Methods: Based on longitudinal data from 2687 Chinese adults between 2004 and 2011, we performed multivariate logistic regressions were to assess the aforementioned association. We conducted stratified analyses to examine the urban-rural differences in this association. Results: The mean age was 40.0 (Standard Deviation = 12.5), and the mean BMI was 23.7 (Standard Deviation = 3.3). Adjusted estimates show that relative to respondents with no changes in LTPA preference, respondents who reduced preference were more likely to develop hypertension (OR = 1.92, 95% CI = 1.13-3.28). This association, however, was statistically significant among urban residents (OR = 2.19, 95% CI = 1.04-4.60), but not rural participants. Conclusions: Changes in LTPA preference and development of hypertension were significantly correlated, especially among urban Chinese. Hypertension prevention programs may identify the groups at elevated risk by examining levels and changes of LTPA preferences.
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Keywords: CHINA HEALTH AND NUTRITION SURVEY; HYPERTENSION; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PREFERENCE; RURAL HEALTH; URBAN HEALTH

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Research Assistant Professor, West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China;, Email: [email protected] 2: Associate Professor, Department of Health Services Research & Administration, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 3: Associate Professor, Department of Health Promotion, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 4: Assistant Professor, Department of Health Promotion, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE

Publication date: January 1, 2019

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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