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Increasing Home Smoking Restrictions Boosts Underserved Moms' Bioverified Quit Success

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Objectives: Standard smoking cessation treatments remain relatively ineffective in vulnerable populations. This study tested whether efforts to restrict residential smoking mediated the counseling treatment - smoking cessation association in a child tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) reduction trial. Methods: Maternal smokers (N = 300) with young children from low-income minority communities were randomized to counseling or standard care control to promote child TSE reduction. Secondary mediation analyses controlled for factors associated with smoking cessation. Results: Counseling group mothers were more likely than controls to increase home smoking restrictions (OR = 1.9, 95% CI 1.1-3.4) and quit smoking (OR = 11.0, 95% CI 6.3-19.2). As hypothesized, increasing home smoking restrictions improved likelihood of bioverified quit status at end of treatment (OR = 2.5, 95% CI 1.1-5.9) and partially mediated the association between counseling intervention and quit status. Conclusions: Results suggest that among maternal smokers known to experience increased challenges to quitting smoking, encouraging efforts to protect children from TSE by increasing home smoking restrictions may be an important counseling intervention element that facilitates smoking cessation.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Professor, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, College of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA;, Email: [email protected] 2: Assistant Professor, School of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 3: Graduate Research Assistant, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, College of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 4: Professor, School of Nursing and Health Sciences, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, PA

Publication date: January 1, 2019

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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