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Open Access Satisfaction with Financial Incentives for Chronic Disease Prevention

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We examined Medicaid enrollees’ experiences and satisfaction with financial incentives-based chronic disease prevention programs in 10 states.


This cross-site study of the Medicaid Incentives for Prevention of Chronic Diseases model used a mixed-methods approach to assess Medicaid enrollees’ experiences and satisfaction with the incentive programs. We conducted 31 in-person focus groups with 212 program participants, followed by a mail survey in English and Spanish (N = 2274). We used both the qualitative focus group data and the quantitative survey data to examine participant satisfaction with the incentives, along with differences by program and incentive characteristics.


Overall, focus group and survey findings aligned, with participants reporting satisfaction with program incentives. Participants felt that the incentives helped them make positive changes to improve their health. Nevertheless, satisfaction varied considerably depending on characteristics of the program, such as the form and magnitude of the incentive, health focus of the program, and program delivery method.


Program and incentive characteristics play key roles in participants’ satisfaction and experience with incentive-based, chronic disease prevention programs. Further research is required to examine the optimal design of incentive programs to support sustained behavior change.
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Keywords: Medicaid; behavioral economics; financial incentives; focus groups; participant satisfaction; survey

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2018

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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