Objectives: This qualitative study explored activities and situations that often result in young adults driving while under the influence of alcohol in rural Montana. Methods: Eleven focus groups were conducted in 8 rural counties across Montana, and 72 persons (50.7%
female, 63.4% college students) aged 18 to 25 years old participated. Focus groups were audio-recorded, transcribed, and narrative text segments were coded independently by 2 researchers. Results: Participants noted a variety of situations specific to rural settings that promoted drunk
driving by young adults. Drinking at several types of outdoor activities, such as branding events and festivals, facilitated alcohol consumption in underage youth; drunk driving often followed. Underage youth frequently drank while driving along back roads to avoid detection. Drinking while
driving, ie, booze cruising, was thought of as a fun activity and sometimes involved firearms, ie, spotlighting. Driving after drinking was seen as necessary to get home or to other locations. Conclusions: Our findings should be used to inform multifaceted community-wide programs
aimed at reducing underage alcohol consumption as well as deterring driving after/while drinking. Interventions could include media campaigns, improving enforcement of DUI and underage drinking laws, providing alternative transportation, and passing additional alcohol control laws.
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DRINKING AND DRIVING;
QUALITATIVE RESEARCH METHODS
Document Type: Research Article
Assistant Professor, Department of Global and Community Health, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA;, Email: [email protected]
Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT
Graduate Research Assistant, Department of Global and Community Health, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA
Publication date: 01 May 2018
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The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.
The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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