Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Adapting a Skin Cancer Prevention Intervention for Multiethnic Adolescents

Buy Article:

$39.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Objective: We tested the effectiveness of a school-based skin cancer prevention intervention entitled "SunSafe in the Middle School Years" adapted for multiethnic high school students. Methods: In Hawai'i, 208 10th graders (51.6% Asian, 30.4% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, 8.4% white, 3.5% Hispanic, 2.7% black) participated. Changes in sun protection knowledge, attitudes, and self-reported behaviors were measured using a standardized 18-item survey. The Systematic Observation of Sun Protection Factors (SOSPF) instrument assessed aggregate sun protection behaviors. Results: At posttest, improvements were found in 13 of 18 survey items (p < .05), and retained in 10 items at 12-months following baseline assessments; sun-protection attitudes and intended tanning behavior did not show improvement. Six observers using SOSPF reliably measured students' sun protection behaviors at school including use of hats, sunglasses, long sleeves, lower body coverage, and shade (ICC > .77). Conclusions: We uncovered a lack of knowledge about UVR exposure, tanning, and lifetime skin cancer risk among multiethnic high school students. We found that students' tanning attitudes may be influenced by self-perceptions regarding their own complexion, but were willing to modify their sun protection behaviors once informed about skin cancer risk.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: University of Hawaii Cancer Center, Honolulu, HI 2: John A. Burns School of Medicine, Honolulu, HI 3: Hawaii Department of Health, Honolulu, HI 4: Hawaii Department of Education, Honolulu, HI 5: Hawaii Pathologists' Laboratory, Honolulu, HI

Publication date: 01 March 2018

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Review Board
  • Reprints and Permissions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more