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Influence of Ambient Air Pollution on Television Use among Residents in Shanghai, China

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Objectives: We examined the impact of ambient air pollution on television use among residents in Shanghai, China. Methods: Device-measured daily average duration of television use from January 2014 to December 2016 was obtained from a random sample of 300 households, and was matched to air pollution and weather data. We used an autoregressive moving-average model to estimate the association between air quality index (AQI) and television use. Results: There was a negative non-linear relationship between air pollution level and television use. Compared to the days when air quality was good (0≤AQI≤50), days with fair air quality (50150) were associated with a reduction in daily average television use by 2.9 (p = .002), 4.6 (p < .001), and 1.9 (p = .369) minutes, respectively. Television use decreased with daytime temperature but increased on weekend days, holidays, and rainy days. Conclusions: Modest but not more severe air pollution was associated with reduced television use. People might mitigate the detrimental impact of air pollution by engaging in other indoor activities and/or sleeping.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: School of Sports Journalism and Foreign Studies, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China 2: Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL

Publication date: 01 March 2018

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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