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Who Enrolls in a Quit Smoking Program with Yoga Therapy?

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Objectives: Yoga may improve stress, affect, and weight control, all of which are commonly cited barriers to quitting smoking. However, the importance of these concerns may vary by sex, race, ethnicity, and age. We examined smoking-relevant characteristics of individuals enrolling in an 8-week randomized controlled trial testing yoga as a complementary treatment to standard smoking cessation. Methods: Of 958 callers, 227 were eligible and enrolled. Results: The sample was 55% female, 86% non-Hispanic white, with a mean age of 46 years (SD = 12). Males smoked more cigarettes/ day than females and had lower motivation to quit smoking. Females were more likely to smoke for weight control, social and mood-related reasons, and had higher expectations for the efficacy of yoga. Age was negatively associated with the presence of other smokers in the household, and smoking in response to negative moods, and was positively associated with smoking rate, and confidence in quitting. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that both males and females were interested in a program offering yoga as a complementary therapy for smoking cessation. However, there were both sex and age-related differences with respect to smoking-related variables that may suggest a need to adapt the intervention for sub-populations.
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Keywords: AGE; SEX DIFFERENCES; SMOKING CESSATION; YOGA

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Professor, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI;, Email: [email protected] 2: Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA 3: Assistant Professor, Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, RI 4: Research Associate, Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI 5: Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 6: Professor, Departments of Emergency Medicine and Behavioral Social Science, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 7: Professor and Chair, Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA 8: Post-Doctoral Fellow, Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI

Publication date: November 1, 2017

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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