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Open Access Body Image Satisfaction as a Physical Activity Indicator in University Students

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Objective: We examined the association of body image satisfaction (BIS) with physical activity (PA) in university athletes and non-athletes from northern Mexico. Methods: In a non-probability cross-sectional study, 294 participants (51% male, 41% athletes; 18-35 years old) completed 2 self-administered questionnaires to evaluate BIS and PA. We categorized somatotypes (endomorphy-mesomorphy-ectomorphy) by international standardized anthropometry. Data analysis included the Mann-Whitney U test, χ 2test, Kendall's Tau-b correlation, binary logistic regression analysis, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Results: Self-perceived sports abilities and desirable body shape predicted 30% of sports participation in students, whereas an endomorphic shape (<5.4 units) and being male predicted 15.4% of sports participation. Conclusions: BIS was a reliable indicator of sports participation among these university students.

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Keywords: ADOLESCENTS; BODY IMAGE SATISFACTION; PHYSICAL FITNESS; SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR; UNIVERSITY STUDENTS; YOUNG ADULTS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas, Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, Juárez, México;, Email: [email protected] 2: Facultad de Ciencias de la Cultura Física, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, Chihuahua, México 3: Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas, Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, Juárez, México 4: Unidad de Biomedicina, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Tlalnepantla, México

Publication date: 01 September 2017

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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