Food Insecurity and Pre-diabetes in Adults: Race/Ethnic and Sex Differences
Objective: We examined sex and race/ethnicity differences in the association between food insecurity status and prediabetes among adults. Method: We used cross-sectional 2011 and 2012 National Health Interview Survey data on non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and
Hispanic adults aged 18-59 years whose household income was ≤ 299% Federal Poverty Line (N = 19,048). Food insecurity status was determined by 3 or more affirmative responses on the 10-item USDA Food Security Scale. Pre-diabetes was self-reported. Logistic regression analyses were used
to estimate associations of food insecurity with pre-diabetes and adjusted for several demographic characteristics. All models were stratified by sex and race/ethnicity. Results: In adjusted models, food insecure non-Hispanic white women and non-Hispanic black women had 53% and over
200% higher odds of being pre-diabetic, respectively. Food insecurity was not related to pre-diabetes for Hispanic women or men. Conclusion: Limited food resources appear to place non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black women at risk for pre-diabetes. Linking food assistance programs
with community-based health education programs may be a comprehensive approach to support those who are food insecure with diabetes prevention.
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Document Type: Research Article
The University of Houston, Department of Psychological, Health, and Learning Sciences, Houston, TX, USA., Email: [email protected]
The University of Houston, Department of Health and Human Performance, Houston, TX, USA
July 1, 2017
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