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Self-efficacy and Health: The SEH Scale

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Objectives: Our objective was to design an instrument to measure coping self-efficacy as manifested by patients experiencing health problems. Methods: A total of 2784 individuals were interviewed while attending primary healthcare centers in the Autonomous Community of Galicia in Northwest Spain. Of these persons, 54% were women and 46% were men, with a minimum age of 18 years, and a mean age of 37.4 years. A questionnaire was administered comprised of sociodemographic variables, items related to the use of healthcare resources, and a coping self-efficacy scale of health problems (SEH), based on the self-efficacy test by Baessler and Schwarzer. Statistical analysis determined reliability, and whether the SEH scale was efficacious in detecting changes in the use of specific health resources. A parametric ANOVA was performed on 4 groups based on the quartiles of self-efficacy in health, as measured by the SEH scale. Results: The reliability and validity of the 10-item coping self-efficacy scale of health problems (SEH) was confirmed. Conclusions: Its compliance with relevant psychometric requirements means the SHE scale may have more general utility.
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Keywords: COPING SELF-EFFICACY; HEALTH RESOURCE UTILIZATION; SCALE DEVELOPMENT; SELF-EFFICACY

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Full Professor, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Department of Nursing, Santiago de Compostela, Spain;, Email: [email protected] 2: Full Professor, Universidad de A Coruña, Department of Psychology, A Coruña, Spain 3: Professor, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Department of Nursing, Santiago de Compostela, Spain 4: Professor, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Department of Social Work, Santiago de Compostela, Spain 5: Professor, Universidad de A Coruña, Department of Psychology, A Coruña, Spain

Publication date: May 1, 2016

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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