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The Impact of Spirituality and Religiosity on Unprotected Sex for Adult Women

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Objectives: To explore the relationship of spirituality and religiosity with sexual behavioral self-efficacy in predicting recent unprotected sex in a sample of adult women, predominantly comprised of African Americans. Methods: Data were collected from a sample of 171 adult women via a paper-and-pencil questionnaire. We conducted a path analysis to test the proposed relationships. Results: An increase in both religiosity and spirituality predicted a decrease in number of types of recent unprotected sex, indirectly through sexual behavior self-efficacy. All indirect effects were similar in magnitude. Conclusions: The results suggest that religiosity and spirituality are both associated with unprotected sex through sexual self-efficacy among African-American women. Faith-based strategies warrant further examination as components of sexual risk reduction efforts for this population.
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Keywords: RELIGIOSITY; SEXUAL BEHAVIOR SELF-EFFICACY; SPIRITUALITY; UNPROTECTED SEX

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Doctoral Candidate, University of Maryland, Department of Communication, College Park, MD;, Email: [email protected] 2: Professor, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 3: Assistant Professor, University of Maryland, Department of Communication, College Park, MD 4: Director, Strategic Community Services, Inc., Lanham, MD

Publication date: March 1, 2016

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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