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Contextual Factors, Indoor Tanning, and Tanning Dependence in Young Women

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Objectives: To investigate the association of contextual factors such as cost, tanning accessibility, regulations, or marketing and indoor tanning or tanning dependence. Methods: One hundred thirty-nine college-aged female indoor tanners completed a questionnaire between 2009 and 2011. Results: Higher scores on tanning dependence and assessment in the spring/summer (versus the fall/winter) were associated with more frequent indoor tanning in the last 30 days (ps < .05). More frequent indoor tanning, greater session length, and more trouble paying for tanning were associated with higher scores on tanning dependence (ps < .05). Conclusions: Public health research and practice could benefit from attention to such contextual factors as tanning cost and regulations regarding session length.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA. [email protected] 2: Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA 3: Department of Psychology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA 4: Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, USA

Publication date: 01 May 2015

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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