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Predicting Illness Behavior: Health Anxiety Mediated by Locus of Control

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Objective: To examine the role of 3 dimensions of Health Locus of Control (HLOC) on the relationship between health anxiety and illness behavior. Methods: Cross-sectional survey study of 202 college women. Path analysis and bootstrapping techniques were used to test the significance of mediated models. Results: The indirect effect of Powerful Others HLOC was significant (β = .06, p < .001), and together health anxiety and Powerful Others HLOC explained 27% of the variance in illness behavior. Conclusion: Health anxiety and illness behavior are common problems in college women, and that Powerful Others HLOC is a key mechanism underlying the relationship between health anxiety and illness behavior.
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Keywords: ANXIETY; HEALTH LOCUS OF CONTROL; HLOC; HYPOCHONDRIASIS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Seattle Pacific University, Seattle, WA, USA. [email protected] 2: Seattle Pacific University, Seattle, WA, USA

Publication date: September 1, 2014

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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