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Undiagnosed Prediabetes among Food Insecure Adults

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Objectives: To identify sub-populations at risk for diabetes based on having prediabetes. Although food insecurity has been linked to diabetes, to our knowledge, no studies have examined whether food insecure individuals are more likely than fully food secure individuals to have undiagnosed prediabetes. Methods: This study was based on a cross-sectional analysis of 6577 adults in the 2005-08 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. USDA's Food Security Survey Module, self-reported prediabetes status and clinical measures were examined. Results: Whereas men who were food insecure were more likely than fully food secure men to have undiagnosed prediabetes, no association was observed among women. Conclusion: Prediabetes screening appears warranted for food insecure men.
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Keywords: DIABETES PREVENTION; HEALTHCARE; HUNGER; POVERTY; SEX DIFFERENCE

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Hospitality Management, Auburn University, AL, USA 2: Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Auburn University, AL, USA 3: Department of Pharmacy Care Systems, Auburn University, AL, USA 4: Department of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Hospitality Management, Auburn University, AL, USA. [email protected]

Publication date: March 1, 2014

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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