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Low-Income Rural Women and Depression: Factors Associated with Self-Reporting

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Objective : To examine factors associated with self-reporting depression for low-income rural women experiencing depressive symptoms.

Methods : Data were from 219 Rural Families Speak participants with CES-D scores >15. Chi-square and multiple logistic regression were utilized.

Results : Just over one half (52.5) of respondents who were experiencing depressive symptoms self-reported depression, whereas 47.5 of respondents self-reported no depression. Women reporting depression were significantly likelier to report physical health problems, injury/illness, and more frequent physician visits. Women reporting no depression were significantly likelier to have been pregnant in the previous 3 years.

Conclusions : Women reporting depression had more health care system exposure and perhaps depressive symptomotology knowledge. Public health campaigns should educate about depressive symptoms, including postpartum depression, to reduce stigma and increase treatment-seeking.
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Keywords: CES-D; depression; low-income; rural; self-report; women

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2007

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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