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Promoting Physical Activity for Low-income Minority Women in Primary Care

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Objective : To examine the effects of a primary-care weight management intervention on physical activity (PA) among overweight/obese women.

Methods : This randomized controlled trial included 139 women (92 African American). The effects of a physician-delivered tailored intervention were compared with standard care. Repeated measures analyses of variance (ANOVA) were used to examine changes in PA (measured by a 7-day physical activity recall) and physical fitness (measured by heart rate recovery following exercise).

Results : Although the intervention group demonstrated an increase in PA, this did not differ significantly from standard care. A significantly greater proportion of intervention participants (90) achieved current PA recommendations compared with standard care (77), P<.03.

Conclusion : These results provide novel information suggesting that a physician-delivered intervention may have limited effectiveness for increasing PA among this at-risk population.
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Keywords: African American; obesity; physical activity; primary care; women

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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