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Spirituality and Social Support on Health Behaviors of African American Undergraduates

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Objectives : To examine the role of spirituality and perceived social support as protective factors for preventing health-compromising behaviors among African American college students.

Methods: Two hundred eleven African American college students completed a spirituality, perceived social support, and health behavior questionnaire.

Results: Low spiritual well-being significantly increased the odds of smoking and alcohol use. Low perceived parental support increased the odds of alcohol use whereas low perceived support from friends decreased the odds of alcohol use.

Conclusions : Spirituality and perceived social support may serve as protective factors for smoking and alcohol use among African American college students.
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Keywords: African American; college students; health-compromising behaviors; social support; spirituality

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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