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Osteoporosis Prevention in College Women: Application of the Expanded Health Belief Model

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Objective: To examine personal characteristics and expanded health belief model (EHBM) constructs associated with the practice of osteoporosis-protective behaviors among a random sample of nontraditional college women. Methods: A valid and reliable written mail questionnaire assessing osteoporosis knowledge, EHBM constructs, weight-bearing exercise (EX), and dietary calcium intake (CA) was completed by 273 women. Results: A high proportion of women did not meet current guidelines for EX (50.7%) or CA (67.8%). Exercise self-efficacy and barriers to exercise were the best predictors of overall EX and CA behaviors. Conclusion: The EHBM was useful in predicting EX and CA.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Family Medicine, The University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine, Knoxville, TN.

Publication date: May 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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