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American Indian and Alaska Native Trends in Behavioral Health, 1990–1996

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Objectives: To analyze and evaluate American Indian trends in behavioral risk for the period 1990 to 1996. Methods: Data on 5 health behaviors were drawn from the 1990–1996 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) representing the 34 states covered by the Indian Health Service. Time trends were analyzed with the use of linear regression. Results: Diabetes increased among Indian men. The average annual percentage-point increase in diabetes awareness among Indian men was 0.4 (p<.05). Conclusions: Greater attention needs to be focused on Indian health-risk behaviors, especially diabetes awareness, as well as the surveillance of related behaviors such as overweight, physical activity, and diet. States should be encouraged and provided resources to improve BRFSS Indian samples.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Program, Indian Health Service, Albuquerque, NM. 2: Behavioral Surveillance Branch, Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA. 3: Indian Health Service Research Program, Albuquerque, NM.

Publication date: September 1, 1999

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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