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Self-efficacy, Outcome Expectancy, Dental Health Value, and Dental Plaque

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Objective: This study measured the independent contributions of self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and dental health value in predicting an objective measure of preventive oral hygiene behavior, dental plaque. Methods: One hundred forty-eight subjects completed study measures and then had their dental plaque levels measured. Results: Structural equation modeling revealed that self-efficacy for flossing significantly predicted plaque levels but self-efficacy for brushing, outcome expectations, and dental value did not. Conclusion: Results supported Bandura's belief that self-efficacy for specific behavior can predict outcomes of that behavior, and outcome expectations and value beliefs do not play an independent role in explaining behavior.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Dental Service, US Department of Veterans Affairs, Outpatient Clinic, Los Angeles, CA. 2: Psychology Service, US Department of Veterans Affairs, Outpatient Clinic, Los Angeles, CA.

Publication date: July 1, 1999

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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