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Relativistic dynamics for the expanding universe

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An analysis according to the principles of special and general relativity and less restrictive Newtonian gravity proves the dynamic effects to be substantial for the expanding universe. With the resulting dynamic critical density, typically greater than the standard critical density, I am able to identify the hypothetical cold dark matter (CDM) as being an artifact of the Friedmann‐Robertson‐Walker equation that is insufficient to describe the dynamic effects. With the included special-relativistic dynamic effects, I can now predict the cosmic data with two parameters, matter and the cosmological constant, without the CDM at least on a large scale.
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Keywords: Cosmological Constant; Dark Energy; Dark Matter; Dynamics; Element; General Relativity; Gravity; Space; Special Relativity; Time

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 27, 2020

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  • Physics Essays has been established as an international journal dedicated to theoretical and experimental aspects of fundamental problems in Physics and, generally, to the advancement of basic knowledge of Physics. The Journal's mandate is to publish rigorous and methodological examinations of past, current, and advanced concepts, methods and results in physics research. Physics Essays dedicates itself to the publication of stimulating exploratory, and original papers in a variety of physics disciplines, such as spectroscopy, quantum mechanics, particle physics, electromagnetic theory, astrophysics, space physics, mathematical methods in physics, plasma physics, philosophical aspects of physics, chemical physics, and relativity.
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