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A xenon power cycle and the second law of thermodynamics

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Xenon plus a molecular solid solute that yields a positive excess enthalpy of solution reaction form the working fluid for a transcritical power cycle. Xenon exhibits large changes in induced polarities with the change in density in the temperature and pressure range of the cycle described. A difference in excess enthalpy of solution between the reaction in xenon’s dense liquid state and expanded supercritical fluid state affects the cycle’s efficiency by internally elevating the temperature of heat input from near the cycle’s T2 to near its T1 before that energy affects gas expansion. This positive excess enthalpy differential establishes conditions in the cycle that allows for complete exhaust heat regeneration. The energy transfer invalidates Carnot’s and Clausius’s original assumption that the rate an ideal gas can convert heat energy to work by its expansion and contraction establishes heat as the lowest form of energy to which all other forms degrade.
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Keywords: Kamlet-Taft Parameters; Power Cycle;; Retrograde Solubility;; Second Law of Thermodynamics;; Solvent Density;; Xenon;

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 30, 2019

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  • Physics Essays has been established as an international journal dedicated to theoretical and experimental aspects of fundamental problems in Physics and, generally, to the advancement of basic knowledge of Physics. The Journal's mandate is to publish rigorous and methodological examinations of past, current, and advanced concepts, methods and results in physics research. Physics Essays dedicates itself to the publication of stimulating exploratory, and original papers in a variety of physics disciplines, such as spectroscopy, quantum mechanics, particle physics, electromagnetic theory, astrophysics, space physics, mathematical methods in physics, plasma physics, philosophical aspects of physics, chemical physics, and relativity.
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