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Nonvibrating energy strings as fundamental building blocks of space and particles

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In the proposed Energy String (ES) theory, we assume the existence of fundamental energy strings forming a generally Euclidean four-dimensional fabric of empty space as well as forming all types of particles in the universe. The 4D space fabric is composed of space energy strings bearing dark-energy as well as a newly described dark-momentum. Particles are composed of particle energy strings which interact with space energy strings inducing three-dimensional space curvatures embedded in a flat fourth-space dimension. The induced space curvatures are responsible for gravity of particles and assign a longitudinal and a transverse direction to particles. The proposed ES theory yields an adapted model of the universe with remarkable teachings as follows: (1) The fabric of space and related dark-energy are associated with a newly defined dark-momentum. This dark momentum is the sole contributor to the cosmological constant Λ in Einstein's field equations which describes the accelerated expansion of the universe. The energy of the quantum vacuum becomes nonrelevant to the cosmological constant Λ, enabling a solution to the “Cosmological Constant Problem”; (2) All particles perform an equal distance of translatory displacement in 4D-space, reflecting a universal displacement rate of particles relative to an absolute generally Euclidean 4D-space. This universal principle is equivalent to Lorentz transformation of a fundamental four-displacement vector, representing a new model of Special Relativity with superior compatibility to quantum theories. (3) Time is a displacement property of mass particles in 4D-space. Frames of 3D-space+time are the perspective by which mass particles experience 4D-space. In this perspective, absolute space longitudinally displaces over mass particles experienced as proper time elapse. Temporal momentum is an inherent invariant property of mass particles. Frames of 3D-space+time are mixed domains: three spatial coordinates of position-space and a temporal coordinate of momentum-space, meaning the position-space in the temporal coordinate is totally inaccessible.
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Keywords: Cosmological Constant Problem; Euclidean Four-Dimensional Fabric;; Nonvibrating Energy Strings;; Particle Energy Strings;; Space Curvatures;; Space Energy Strings;; Space Fabric;

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 30, 2019

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  • Physics Essays has been established as an international journal dedicated to theoretical and experimental aspects of fundamental problems in Physics and, generally, to the advancement of basic knowledge of Physics. The Journal's mandate is to publish rigorous and methodological examinations of past, current, and advanced concepts, methods and results in physics research. Physics Essays dedicates itself to the publication of stimulating exploratory, and original papers in a variety of physics disciplines, such as spectroscopy, quantum mechanics, particle physics, electromagnetic theory, astrophysics, space physics, mathematical methods in physics, plasma physics, philosophical aspects of physics, chemical physics, and relativity.
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