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The case for a gentler bang: A cosmology of gradual creation

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This paper presents a cosmology of an expanding universe that may or may not have a beginning. It avoids singularities and infinities that plague the Big Bang Theory by postulating the existence of a repulsive force field between galaxies, while maintaining the dynamics within each galaxy as being dominated by gravitational fields only. This is accomplished by assuming that an electric charge separation can occur at the event horizon of supermassive black holes, which are known to exist at the cores of most galaxies. Observed galactic redshifts and the acceleration of cosmic expansion are matched, if electric force fields emanate from galactic cores by a concealed electric charge of 3 × 1032 C for an average galaxy. The proposed cosmic model has no need for being relativistically flat. It has no need for inflationary periods, dark matter, or dark energy. Both velocities and accelerations of the receding galaxies are linearly proportional to the radial distances r from any observer. The minimum age of such a universe is shown to be older than 200 × 109 (200 billion) years, perhaps much older.
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Keywords: Age of Universe; Continuous Creation; Cosmology; Expanding Universe; Galactic Redshift; Gravitational and Electric Fields; Hubble's Law; Supermassive Black Holes

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2016

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  • Physics Essays has been established as an international journal dedicated to theoretical and experimental aspects of fundamental problems in Physics and, generally, to the advancement of basic knowledge of Physics. The Journal's mandate is to publish rigorous and methodological examinations of past, current, and advanced concepts, methods and results in physics research. Physics Essays dedicates itself to the publication of stimulating exploratory, and original papers in a variety of physics disciplines, such as spectroscopy, quantum mechanics, particle physics, electromagnetic theory, astrophysics, space physics, mathematical methods in physics, plasma physics, philosophical aspects of physics, chemical physics, and relativity.
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