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Spatial locality is the hidden variable in entanglement experiments

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In a recent article in Nature [Hensen et al., Nature 526, 682 (2015)], the authors reported that they have accomplished a “loophole-free” test of Bell's theorem. They speculated that further improvements in their experimental design could settle an 80 years debate in favor of quantum theory's stance that entanglement is “action at a distance.” We direct attention to a spatial aspect of locality, not considered by Bell's theorem nor by any of its experimental tests. We refer to the possibility that two particles distancing from each other could remain spatially connected, even when they have distanced enough to ensure that information between them was transmitted faster than the velocity of light. We show that any local-deterministic relativity theory which predicts length extension for distancing bodies can maintain spatial locality. We briefly note that the recently proposed information relativity theory satisfies the aforementioned condition, and that it predicts and explains several quantum phenomena, despite being local and deterministic. We conclude by arguing that quantum entanglement is not nonlocal and that the unnoticed spatial dimension of locality is in fact the hidden variable conjectured in the seminal EPR paper.
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Keywords: Bell's Theorem; EPR; Entanglement; Information Relativity; Lorentz Contraction; Nonlocality; Quantum Theory

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2016

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  • Physics Essays has been established as an international journal dedicated to theoretical and experimental aspects of fundamental problems in Physics and, generally, to the advancement of basic knowledge of Physics. The Journal's mandate is to publish rigorous and methodological examinations of past, current, and advanced concepts, methods and results in physics research. Physics Essays dedicates itself to the publication of stimulating exploratory, and original papers in a variety of physics disciplines, such as spectroscopy, quantum mechanics, particle physics, electromagnetic theory, astrophysics, space physics, mathematical methods in physics, plasma physics, philosophical aspects of physics, chemical physics, and relativity.
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