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Bell's instantaneous action at a distance

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In a paper published in 1964, John Bell claimed to prove that measurements made on pairs of particles in an entangled quantum state could influence each other instantaneously, regardless of the distance separating them. This claim and its proof are known as “Bell's theorem.” It was based on apparent conflicts between correlations predicted by quantum mechanics and those based on his theoretical model of local measurements. An earlier critique of Bell's theorem by this author has been expanded and clarified to include Bell's original argument and the more recent concept of “experiments not performed” as examples. It is shown here that the apparent conflicts in both cases are caused by improper mathematical treatment of the hidden variables when multiple measurements are considered. Consequently, Bell's postulated instantaneous interaction and its possible violation of relativity are not justified. An experiment is suggested that could test the existence of the instantaneous interaction between the measurements postulated by Bell.
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Keywords: Bell's Theorem; Correlation Between Local Measurements; Entanglement; Hidden Variables; Instantaneous Action at a Distance; Measurement Locality; Quantum Mechanics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 17, 2016

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  • Physics Essays has been established as an international journal dedicated to theoretical and experimental aspects of fundamental problems in Physics and, generally, to the advancement of basic knowledge of Physics. The Journal's mandate is to publish rigorous and methodological examinations of past, current, and advanced concepts, methods and results in physics research. Physics Essays dedicates itself to the publication of stimulating exploratory, and original papers in a variety of physics disciplines, such as spectroscopy, quantum mechanics, particle physics, electromagnetic theory, astrophysics, space physics, mathematical methods in physics, plasma physics, philosophical aspects of physics, chemical physics, and relativity.
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