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Quantum mechanics, classical reality, and Copenhagen

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The demise of classical realism is traced to a meeting in 1926 between Bohr and Schrödinger, as recalled by Heisenberg [Physics and Beyond; Encounters and Conversations (Harper, 1972)]. The arguments are revisited today by imagining an encounter of the same men after the path integral formulation, or “sum over histories” model was introduced. Schrödinger wants a fully relativistic quantum theory that can be visualized, while Bohr favors existing theories based on mathematical models. Recent experimental evidence suggests that excited atomic states consist of three field sources; nucleus, electron, and photon; that can be described by an action integral as a fully relativistic quantum theory. The proposed derivation conceives of photons as four-dimensional localizations of field energy that are both determinable and exact. Probability distributions, such as interference patterns on a screen, are interpreted as projections in two dimensions of four-dimensional structure.
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Keywords: Action Principle; Classical Reality; Lagrangian Theory; Quantum Mechanics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 6, 2015

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  • Physics Essays has been established as an international journal dedicated to theoretical and experimental aspects of fundamental problems in Physics and, generally, to the advancement of basic knowledge of Physics. The Journal's mandate is to publish rigorous and methodological examinations of past, current, and advanced concepts, methods and results in physics research. Physics Essays dedicates itself to the publication of stimulating exploratory, and original papers in a variety of physics disciplines, such as spectroscopy, quantum mechanics, particle physics, electromagnetic theory, astrophysics, space physics, mathematical methods in physics, plasma physics, philosophical aspects of physics, chemical physics, and relativity.
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