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A new hypothesis for particle composition of matter based on only three functional quantum entities and three forces

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This paper presents the possibility of revising the standard model of subatomic composition of matter, extending the “inverse square law” from electricity and gravity to thermal effects as well. Assuming only three proposed particles and only three relevant interactions, simple explanations are provided for all physical phenomena. Typical cases are: (i) the explanation of forces from a distance, (ii) the essence of quantum gravity, (iii) the essence of dark energy, (iv) the reason that matter appears in solid, liquid and gaseous form, (v) the asymmetry between matter and antimatter, (vi) what are the building blocks of matter and what is the structure of the electron, positron, proton, and neutron, (vii) how the nuclei of elements such as deuterium, tritium, helium, lithium, etc., were created without the intervention of the problematic strong nuclear force, (viii) what precisely are the nature and propagation of light as well as the heat transfer, (ix) whether there is a medium of light propagation and a coherent form of Aether, (x) what explains wave-particle dualism and why the particle nature of light emerges only in emission and absorption, (xi) what explains the two-slit phenomenon, without requiring the photon to pass simultaneously from the two slits and to contribute to itself thereby circumventing the concept of a single photon and the concept of interference. The proposed theory gives a substance to Newton's words who, 350 years ago, supported that: “I wish we could derive the rest of the phenomena of nature by the same kind of reasoning from mechanical principles; for I am induced by many reasons to suspect that they may all depend upon certain forces by which the particles of bodies, by some causes hitherto unknown, are either mutually impelled towards one another, and cohere in regular figures, or are repelled and recede from one another. These forces being unknown, philosophers have hitherto attempted the search of Nature in vain; but I hope the principles here laid down will afford some light either to this or some truer method of philosophy.Sir Isaac Newton, PhilosophiƦ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, 5 July 1687 (translated in English in 1729, page XVIII, University of California Press)
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Keywords: Cosmology; Energy Entities; Subatomic Particles; Thermions

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Zografou Campus, Heroon Polytechniou 9, 15780 Zografou, Greece

Publication date: September 16, 2014

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  • Physics Essays has been established as an international journal dedicated to theoretical and experimental aspects of fundamental problems in Physics and, generally, to the advancement of basic knowledge of Physics. The Journal's mandate is to publish rigorous and methodological examinations of past, current, and advanced concepts, methods and results in physics research. Physics Essays dedicates itself to the publication of stimulating exploratory, and original papers in a variety of physics disciplines, such as spectroscopy, quantum mechanics, particle physics, electromagnetic theory, astrophysics, space physics, mathematical methods in physics, plasma physics, philosophical aspects of physics, chemical physics, and relativity.
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