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Open Access Wie resilient sind Märkte? Eine kontextualisierte Analyse von Rohstoff- und Strommärkten

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Abstract

Märkte erweisen sich oft als erstaunlich resilient, selbst gegenüber Finanz- und Rohstoffkrisen. Oft geht diese Resilienz auf Kosten von Umwelt und Gesellschaft. Eine kontextualisierte Resilienzanalyse, die Märkte wie auch ihr Umfeld betrachtet, kann zu einer nachhaltigen Entwicklung beitragen.

There is almost no subsystem of society that influences our lives as strongly as markets do. Markets account for wealth and poverty, progress ‐ and the destruction of ecosystems. Markets have the capacity to make very valuable contributions to the common welfare, but only if their potential is channeled using their specific principles and mechanisms. To gain a comprehensive perspective, we introduce the concepts of first- and second-order resilience (Eigenresilienz and Kontextresilienz), asking whether and how the resilience of markets on their own (first-order resilience) influences the resilience of societies and our environment as a whole (second-order resilience). We further examine how these two concepts relate to normative resilience, assuming that all three aspects need to be in balance. Presenting two empirical examples ‐ the global commodity markets and the German energy market, we reveal the challenges that typically arise when designing and regulating markets that, if they are resilient in both senses, can help to promote sustainable development.
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Keywords: commodities; context resilience; energy; market; resilience

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2017

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  • GAIA is a peer-reviewed inter- and transdisciplinary journal for scientists and other interested parties concerned with the causes and analyses of environmental and sustainability problems and their solutions.

    Environmental problems cannot be solved by one academic discipline. The complex natures of these problems require cooperation across disciplinary boundaries. Since 1991, GAIA has offered a well-balanced and practice-oriented forum for transdisciplinary research. GAIA offers first-hand information on state of the art environmental research and on current solutions to environmental problems. Well-known editors, advisors, and authors work to ensure the high quality of the contributions found in GAIA and a unique transdisciplinary dialogue – in a comprehensible style.

    GAIA is an ISI-journal, listed in the Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Science Citation Index and in Current Contents/Social and Behavioral Sciences.

    All contributions undergo a double-blind peer review.

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