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Wertschöpfung durch erneuerbare Energien – wie Bundesländer profitieren

Benefiting from Renewable Energies: Their Impact on Value Added in German Federal States

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The German federal states and their communities can benefit on a large scale from the use of renewable energies, which induce important local benefits due to their decentralized structure. The model developed by the Institute for Ecological Economy Research is the first to quantify generated effects on value added and employment on a local, regional and countrywide scale. Net value added is calculated as the sum of three components: tax revenues, company profits and wages, which are generated by the involved agents along the value chains of the examined 29 technologies. A comparison of value added and employment effects generated by the wind energy sector between the German federal states of Baden-Württemberg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Brandenburg reveals their specific competitive advantages in the value chain. Furthermore, the analysis shows that the wind energy sector can create value added and employment in various ways. Regional policies can help exploit the competitive advantages of the federal states but also aim to diversify local industries to participate and compete in multiple steps of the value chain.
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Keywords: EMPLOYMENT; REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT; RENEWABLE ENERGY; VALUE ADDED; WIND ENERGY

Language: German

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2013

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  • GAIA is a peer-reviewed inter- and transdisciplinary journal for scientists and other interested parties concerned with the causes and analyses of environmental and sustainability problems and their solutions.

    Environmental problems cannot be solved by one academic discipline. The complex natures of these problems require cooperation across disciplinary boundaries. Since 1991, GAIA has offered a well-balanced and practice-oriented forum for transdisciplinary research. GAIA offers first-hand information on state of the art environmental research and on current solutions to environmental problems. Well-known editors, advisors, and authors work to ensure the high quality of the contributions found in GAIA and a unique transdisciplinary dialogue – in a comprehensible style.

    GAIA is an ISI-journal, listed in the Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Science Citation Index and in Current Contents/Social and Behavioral Sciences.

    All contributions undergo a double-blind peer review.

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