COVID-19 vaccines and vaccine hesitancy: Role of the allergist/immunologist in promotion of vaccine acceptance
Vaccine hesitancy has been defined as a delay in acceptance or refusal of vaccines, despite the availability of vaccine services. In the past, despite an impressive record of vaccine effectiveness in the United States, several factors have contributed to a decreased acceptance of vaccines that has resulted in outbreaks of infectious diseases, e.g., measles. More recently, vaccine hesitancy has spread to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines. There are many causes of vaccine hesitancy, such as misinformation, fallacies, and myths, that have contributed to vaccine hesitancy.
The purpose of the present report is to address the many causes of vaccine hesitancy and to suggest ways that the allergist/immunologist can be involved in the promotion of vaccine acceptance.
The current COVID-19 vaccines were reviewed, together with their mechanisms(s) of action and adverse reactions to them.
The many causes of vaccine hesitancy include many doubts and concerns related to COVID-19 vaccines as well as a diminished level of confidence and trust by segments of the public in the nation's leaders in government, medical, and business communities, that those groups once enjoyed.
Vaccination with COVID-19 vaccines is the only way that COVID-19 will be eliminated or at least controlled today, and vaccine hesitancy is the potential nemesis. The present report describes how the allergist/immunologist not only plays a major role in the delivery of specialized therapy of COVID-19 but also in educating the public with regard to the importance of COVID-19 vaccines, in dispelling misinformation, and in promoting trust for vaccine acceptance but must be informed with the most accurate and current information to do so.
Keywords: EUA = Emergency Use Authorization; SARS-CoV-2-transcribed DNA vaccines utilize the SARS-CoV-2-transcribed DNA delivered within non-replicating recombinant adenovirus (Adv) vector systems; adv = adenovirus; mRNA vaccines = messenger RNA vaccines
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: From the Department of Pediatrics and Microbiology-Immunology; and
Publication date: September 1, 2021
This article was made available online on August 9, 2021 as a Fast Track article with title: "COVID-19 vaccines and vaccine hesitancy: Role of the allergist/immunologist in promotion of vaccine acceptance".
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