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Routine clinical measures in a newly commissioned psychiatric intensive care unit (PICU): predictors of favourable outcomes

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Aim: To describe clinical outcomes for patients admitted to a newly opened PICU and to identify and attempt to characterise those patients who did well on specified clinical measures and those who remained unchanged or recorded worsening clinical measures.

Method: This was a prospective study from February 2014 to April 2015. For all episodes of patient care, clinical and demographic variables were recorded. Objective assessments of illness severity were measured using the Clinical Global Impression scale (CGI), severity of psychotic symptoms using the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and the Zung self-rated depression scale.

Results: A total of 69 patients were admitted and discharged during this period. Using the CGI 72% of patients improved, using BPRS 81% improved and using Zung 69% improved. Higher admission CGI, BPRS and Zung Severity scores were associated with improvement according to CGI improvement and BPRS scores. No other variable was associated with improvement.

Conclusion: The majority of patients improved, although it is difficult to predict who will do well from demographic or clinical details. It is encouraging that most patients in our survey improved. We plan to use the results to further refine the measuring of clinical effectiveness outcomes of those patients requiring admission to PICU.
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Keywords: BRIEF PSYCHIATRIC RATING SCALE; CLINICAL GLOBAL IMPRESSION SCALE; OUTCOME MEASURES; PICU

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2016

More about this publication?
  • Published twice a year, the Journal of Psychiatric Intensive Care is devoted to issues affecting the care and treatment of people with mental disorders who manifest severely disturbed functioning. The journal is international and multidisciplinary. It provides stimulating papers and articles of interest to those who work in or study psychiatric intensive care, low secure services, acute inpatient wards, challenging behaviour environments, emergency psychiatry, or intensive treatments settings in other parts of the wider mental health system. The Journal of Psychiatric Intensive Care encourages informed debate and exchange of opinion. Its content includes editorials, original research, brief reports, reviews, conference reports, news and notices, but preference is given to original research of a high scientific quality.
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