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Open Access Anogenital Human Papillomavirus Prevalence is Unaffected by Therapeutic Tumour Necrosis Factor-alpha Inhibition

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Patients receiving tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) inhibitors are at increased risk of exacerbation of (myco-)bacterial and some viral infections. However, information on anogenital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in these patients is sparse or conflicting. In this study 222 patients with psoriasis or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), who received either anti-TNF-α inhibitors or alternatives (purine-, folic acid analogues, phototherapy, fumaric ester, mesalazine) continuously for at least 6 months, were evaluated for the presence of anogenital HPV-induced lesions, mucosal HPV DNA, and serological status of mucosal low-risk HPV6 and high-risk HPV16/HPV18. Hallmarks of anogenital HPV infection were more frequently detected in patients with psoriasis than in those with IBD. HPV-induced lesions, viral DNA, and seroprevalence were not elevated in participants with psoriasis or IBD, who received TNF-α inhibitors for a mean duration of 31.4 months (range 6–96 months) compared with recipients of alternative or no treatment. TNF-α blockade for a mean period of 31.4 months does not increase detectable anogenital HPV infection or disease.

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Keywords: ANOGENITAL INFECTION; HPV SEROPREVALENCE; HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV); INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE; PSORIASIS; TUMOUR NECROSIS FACTOR-ALPHA

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2016

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  • Acta Dermato-Venereologica is a bi-monthly international peer-reviewed journal for clinical and experimental research in the field of dermatology and venereology.

    It was founded in 1920 by Johan Almqvist and edited during 1936-1969 by Sven Hellerström. Since 1970, the journal has been published for the Society for the Publication of Acta Dermato-Venereologica on a non-profit basis.

    Acta Dermato-Venereologica publishes high-quality manuscripts in English dealing with new observations on basic dermatological and venereological research, as well as clinical investigations. Each volume also features a number of review articles in special areas, as well as short Letters to the Editor to stimulate debate and to disseminate important clinical observations. Acta Dermato-Venereologica has rapid publication times and is amply illustrated with a large number of colour photographs to enhance understanding.

    Acta Dermato-Venereologica covers inter alia:

    • ~ Atopic dermatitis and contact allergy
    • ~ Facial dermatoses and adnexal disorders
    • ~ New treatments
    • ~ Psoriasis and genodermatoses
    • ~ Psychodermatology
    • ~ Sexually transmitted diseases
    • ~ Skin biology and inflammation
    • ~ Skin cancer and pigmentation
    • ~ Skin immunology and lymphoma
    • ~ Urticaria and itch

    Extensive papers, proceedings from congresses and symposia are printed as supplements to the journal. Announcements concerning pertinent dermatological meetings and books received are also published.
    Readership: Doctors and scientists interested in dermatology, skin biology and venereology.

    Acta Dermato-Venereologica has an impact factor of 3.007.

    Issues between 1998 up to 2005 can be found at http://www.medicaljournals.se/acta/content

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