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Open Access Clinical Significance of Anti-desmoglein-1 and -3 Circulating Autoantibodies in Pemphigus Patients Measured by Area Index and Intensity Score

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Detection of anti-desmoglein-1 (anti-DSG-1) and anti-DSG-3 autoantibodies is widely used in the diagnosis of pemphigus. Two validated scoring systems, Pemphigus Disease Area Index (PDAI) and Autoimmune Bullous Skin Disorder Intensity Score (ABSIS), are used for the evaluation of clinical severity. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to interpret the titres of pemphigus autoantibodies in correlation with either total or location-dependent PDAI scores and ABSIS. A total of 35 pemphigus patients were selected and evaluated at 3 time points. Total PDAI and ABSIS seemed useful in pemphigus with cutaneous lesions or in the mucocutaneous form, while location-dependent PDAI and ABSIS scores were useful in the mucosal form. Anti-DSG-1 autoantibodies titres better showed the disease extent in pemphigus with cutaneous only or with mucocutaneous lesions. Anti-DSG-3 autoantibodies titres did not correlate to disease activity.

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Keywords: ABSIS; ANTI-DSG-1; ANTI-DSG-3; PDAI; PEM- PHIGUS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2014

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  • Acta Dermato-Venereologica is a bi-monthly international peer-reviewed journal for clinical and experimental research in the field of dermatology and venereology.

    It was founded in 1920 by Johan Almqvist and edited during 1936-1969 by Sven Hellerström. Since 1970, the journal has been published for the Society for the Publication of Acta Dermato-Venereologica on a non-profit basis.

    Acta Dermato-Venereologica publishes high-quality manuscripts in English dealing with new observations on basic dermatological and venereological research, as well as clinical investigations. Each volume also features a number of review articles in special areas, as well as short Letters to the Editor to stimulate debate and to disseminate important clinical observations. Acta Dermato-Venereologica has rapid publication times and is amply illustrated with a large number of colour photographs to enhance understanding.

    Acta Dermato-Venereologica covers inter alia:

    • ~ Atopic dermatitis and contact allergy
    • ~ Facial dermatoses and adnexal disorders
    • ~ New treatments
    • ~ Psoriasis and genodermatoses
    • ~ Psychodermatology
    • ~ Sexually transmitted diseases
    • ~ Skin biology and inflammation
    • ~ Skin cancer and pigmentation
    • ~ Skin immunology and lymphoma
    • ~ Urticaria and itch

    Extensive papers, proceedings from congresses and symposia are printed as supplements to the journal. Announcements concerning pertinent dermatological meetings and books received are also published.
    Readership: Doctors and scientists interested in dermatology, skin biology and venereology.

    Acta Dermato-Venereologica has an impact factor of 3.007.

    Issues between 1998 up to 2005 can be found at http://www.medicaljournals.se/acta/content

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