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'A Small Revolution': Family, Sex, and the Communist Youth of Chile during the Allende Years (1970-1973)

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This article discusses the way in which Chilean communists addressed sexuality and family life during the Popular Unity Government (1970-1973). Focusing on communist youth, the article provides a close reading of the youth-oriented magazine Ramona analysing the discussions about contentious issues - premarital sex, birth control, family arrangements, marital breakups, abortion and homosexuality - and discusses the underlining tensions between older and younger generations of the Communist Party. Although young communists upheld some of the conservative beliefs of the traditional communist subculture, they approached the changing patterns in sex and family in a much more flexible way and ultimately challenged the mores (and therefore indirectly, the authority) of the old guard. The young communists who published Ramona advised their readers to engage in sexual relationships even if they were not conducive to marriage, recommended different birth control mechanisms to practice safe sex, and did not hold back from suggesting divorce to those whose marriages had failed. In the broader scholarly discussion, this generational emphasis casts new light on the relationship between the sexual and political revolutions in Latin America during the 1960s and 1970s, stressing the shared cultural sensibilities of young left-wingers as a whole.
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Keywords: COMMUNIST PARTY OF CHILE; COMMUNIST YOUTH; FAMILY LIFE; SEXUALITY; YOUTH CULTURE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2015

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  • Twentieth Century Communism provides an international forum for the latest research on the subject and an entry-point into key developments and debates not immediately accessible to English-language historians. Its main focus is on the period of the Russian revolution (1917-91) and on the activities of communist parties themselves but its remit also extends to the movement's antecedents and rivals, the responses to communism of political competitors and state systems, and to the cultural as well as political influence of communism.
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