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Wie Sie sehen, sehn Sie gar nichts Sinnkritisch mit Schlick ins Nirwana der metaphysischen Realisten

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The question is not whether realism about external things is true; the question is what it means – and whether it means anything at all. In accordance with Viennese criteria of significance, Moritz Schlick granted good cognitive sense to realism, which he took not only to be verifiable, but to be actually verified as well. His verification of realism was a little too simplistic. In my approach I'll start from Schlick's proposal. But instead of requiring the world's independence of an entity called mind (as according to tradition and to C. I. Lewis) and instead of requiring its independence of our life (as according to Schlick), I propose to formulate realism as the requirement that the world be independent of a rich variety of mental occurrences such as perceptions, feelings, thoughts, etc. How would our world look like if it didn't contain visual perceptions? And how if it didn't contain any perceptions – or any thoughts? Once we relax the famous Viennese criterion of significance in a way Schlick himself proposed, in our answers we can one by one name circumstances that are in principle verifiable. In the ideal limit, this stepwise approach leads to an imagination of what might be called nirvana (without implications of East Asian wisdom).
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Language: German

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2019

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  • The journal Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung, appearing since 1946, is among the most important academic German language journals. It is open to all topics, approaches, and positions of philosophical thought. Given the increasing differentiation and specialization of the field, it thus constitutes a forum offering its various disciplines the opportunity for mutual recognition and exchange. The articles published in it are subject to an anonymous peer review in which internationally renowned scholars of all areas of contemporary philosophical research participate.

    Die seit 1946 erscheinende Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung gehört zu den wichtigsten deutschsprachigen Fachzeitschriften und steht allen Themen, Richtungen und Positionen der philosophischen Forschung offen. Angesichts der zunehmenden Ausdifferenzierung und Spezialisierung des Faches bietet sie damit auch ein Forum, in dem die verschiedenen Teildisziplinen sich gegenseitig wahrnehmen und in ein gemeinsames Gespräch kommen können. Die in ihr publizierten Abhandlungen durchlaufen ein anonymes Begutachtungsverfahren, an dem international anerkannte Forscher aus allen Spezialgebieten der gegenwärtigen philosophischen Forschung beteiligt sind.
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